Cell Phone Photography
Horseshoe Bend, Arizona (pix by andreas)
Here are several tips on how to take better photos with your cell phone. Each camera is slightly different, but they generally have the following settings. I've sorted these tips by best/easiest first (and yes, I took these photos).
Brace Your Camera Against Something
Any sort of slight motion will blur your photos. If there's a tree, door, sign, or whatever, place the edge of your phone against it to steady the camera.
Use the Volume Key or Voice Control
If you can, use the volume key or voice control instead of clicking the camera button. Voice control lets you hold the camera steady and say "cheese", "smile", or similar to take the photo.
A Microfiber Lens Cloth
It's very easy to get fingerprints on your camera's lens. A lens cloth will fix that. A friend was taking photos and I looked the pixs, but they were very cloudy. She said, "well, it's an old phone". She had never cleaned her lens. I cleaned the lens. Bingo. Great pixs.
Use Grid Lines
You can improve your photo layout by turning on grid lines. This divides your screen with several lines. When you take a photo, place the main subjects on those lines or at the intersection of the lines. For centuries, painters have used the Rule of Thirds for layout. It really works.
Size of Photo
The larger the photo, the higher the quality. Set your phone's camera to the largest possible size. I use 5312x2988 (16:9) (16MB) (photos are about 5MB each). If you use a smaller size, it has less detail, blurred colors, and is grainy.
If you take hundreds of photos, you could fill up your phone. You can either buy an internal storage card (64GB for $20 will hold over 12,000 photos; get one at most camera stores, Walmart, drugstores, etc.) or delete unwanted photos every night.
HDR (High Dynamic Range) is one of the best settings for your digital camera. When you look at your living room, your eye automatically balances light and darkness so bright areas near windows are darker and dark areas in corners and under the sofa are lighter. But ordinary cameras can't do this, so if you take a regular photo of your living room, the corners will be both too bright and too dark. HDR fixes this by darkening the bright areas and lightening up dark spaces.
Take a photo of your living room (or any large space that has a bright window and dark corners) with HDR turned off and another with HDR turned on. You can see the difference. Cool, no? I leave HDR turned on all of the time.
AWB White Balance
Generally, you leave white balance set to Auto (AWB = Auto White Balance). You can set this to Auto, Daylight, Cloudy, Incandescent, or Fluorescent. You should experiment with this.
- If the day is cloudy in any way, try the Cloudy setting. It'll brighten up the colors in your photo.
- If you're in a home or restaurant, the lights are likely incandescent (old-fashion light bulbs), try the Incandescent setting.
- When you're indoors in a mall, an office, a supermarket, or similar that uses fluorescent lights (the long tubes), try the Fluorescent setting.
Use a Clip-on Wide-angle Lens
I strongly recommend a clip-on lens for your phone. Just clip this over your phone's camera lens and you have 140-degree wide-angle. The following are all 140-degree 45X lenses. You can buy these at Amazon.
- TECHO Universal Professional HD Camera Lens Kit $20 (w/caps)
- Aukey Ora iPhone lens $25 (w/ caps)
- Lightdow $13 (w/caps)
I prefer clip-on lenses (instead of magnetic, sticky, etc.) because they're easy to attach and detach and when you're not using it, you can clip it to your baseball cap's bill or your jacket. I have the Techo Universal, but it's a bit large (size of a golf ball). Whatever you get, be sure it has lens caps on both sides. Fingerprints can ruin your photos.
Lower Antelope Canyon, Arizona (pix by andreas)
Don't Use Zoom
If you use zoom, the image quality goes down. Take the photo and later, use your photo editor to crop and zoom.
Two Things to Have
- Selfie Stick: Use this to get unique angle on your photos.
- Lens Cloth: You need a real lens cloth to clean your camera lens. Get a microfiber cloth at any optometrist or pharmacy.
A Few Tips for Composition and LayoutGet Close
Get close to what you're photographing. Fill the screen.
Pay Attention to Light
Us on the shore of Mono Lake at sunrise. We got up just before sunrise, hiked out to the lake, and waited for the first rays to each us. The image hasn't be edited, filtered, etc.
Photos of Children and Animals
By getting close, you can see colors and details in the cat's eyes.
Don't take photos from above. Get down to your subject's eye level. And get close. It was sundown, which added light tan colors to the cat's white fur.
Can Cell Phones Take Good Photos?
Yes. Here are pixs from Sony's World Photography 2015.